Surprisingly, two of the dominant life forms in the chaparral are fungi and lichen.
Lichen in old-growth chaparral. Some lichens require at least 50-60 year old chaparral before they will be able to grow. On this dead branch of chamise are two very special lichens. At the top left of the branch is Flavopunctelia faventior. On the lower right, Usnea subfloridana.